Photo Credit: U.S Fish and Wildlife Service
Photo Credit: Terry Hartley
Due South Photography
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gavia immer
OTHER NAMES: Loon
STATUS: Common in winter in Tennessee Valley and Gulf Coast regions, but uncommon to rare in Inland Coastal Plain and Mountain regions. Rare to occasional in summer in all regions. Lowest Conservation Concern.
DESCRIPTION: The common loon (Gavia immer) is a relatively large water bird (28-30 in.) with a heavy body and pointed bill. The head is boldly black with a prominent neck ring and black and white pattern on its back during breeding periods. While wintering in
DISTRIBUTION: Gavia immer breeds in the northern part of the northern hemisphere from
HABITAT: Discreet forested lakes and rivers during breeding; oceans, bays, and large open water inland lakes in winter.
FEEDING HABITS: Common loons are excellent underwater swimmers and feed primarily on fish, but will occasionally eat shellfish, frogs and aquatic insects. Loons generally are more tolerant of others on winter feeding grounds and will loosely gather in flocks.
Bull, J., John Farrand Jr. 1977. The Audubon Society Field Guide of North American Birds. Alfred A. Knoph,
Wernert, Susan J., Reader’s Digest North American Wildlife. Reader’s Digest Association,
Bent, Arthur Cleveland. 1919. Life Histories of Familiar North American Birds.
Author: Stuart Goldsby, Regional Hunter Education Coordinator, Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries.