Emergent Aquatic Plants in Alabama

An emergent plant is a plant where the majority of the plant is above the water line and supports itself - sometimes completely out of the water. These plants are usually along the shoreline, but may extend quite a distance from the shore if water depth is very gradual or if they have buoyant structures such as large, hollow stems.

Alternanthera phyloxeroides taken by Graves Lovell
Alligatorweed
Alternanthera phyloxeroides
Exotic

Bidens laevis taken by Graves Lovell
Burr-marigold
Bidens laevis
 

Canna spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Cana
Canna spp.
 

Carex lupulina taken by Graves Lovell
Hop Sedge
Carex lupulina
 

Cephalanthus occidentalis taken by Graves Lovell
Button Bush
Cephalanthus occidentalis
 

Colocasia esculenta taken by Graves Lovell
Wild Taro
Colocasia esculenta
Exotic


Dodder
Cuscuta spp.
 

Cyperus odoratus taken by Graves Lovell
Flat Sedge
Cyperus odoratus
 

Ammannia coccinea taken by Graves Lovell
Purple Toothcup
Ammannia coccinea
 

Cyperus surinamensis taken by Graves Lovell
Tropical Flat Sedge
Cyperus surinamensis
 

Dulichium arundinaceum taken by Graves Lovell
Three-way Sedge
Dulichium arundinaceum
 

 Echinodorus cordifolius taken by Graves Lovell
Creeping Burhead
Echinodorus cordifolius
 

Eleocharis quadrangulata taken by Graves Lovell
Squarestem Spikerush
Eleocharis quadrangulata
 

Eriocaulon spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Hatpins
Eriocaulon spp.
 

Hydrocotyl spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Marsh Pennywort
Hydrocotyle umbellata
 

Hydrolea quadrivalvis taken by Graves Lovell
Waterpod
Hydrolea quadrivalvis
 

Hygrophila costata taken by Graves Lovell
Lake Hygrophila
Hygrophila costata
 

Hymenocallis spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Spider Lily
Hymenocallis spp.
 

Iris pseudacorus taken by Graves Lovell
Yellow Flag
Iris pseudacorus
Exotic

Justicia americana taken by Graves Lovell
Waterwillow
Justicia americana
 

Panicum hemitomon taken by Graves Lovell
Maidencane
Panicum hemitomon
 

Limnobium spongia taken by Graves Lovell
Frog's Bit
Limnobium spongia
 

Ludwigia peploides taken by Graves Lovell
Water Primrose
Ludwigia peploides
 

Luziola fluitans taken by Graves Lovell
Southern Water Grass
Luziola fluitans
 

Marsilea spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Water Clover
Marsilea spp.
Exotic

Micranthemum spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Baby's Tears
Micranthemum umbrosum
 

Myriophyllum aquaticum taken by Graves Lovell
Parrot Feather
Myriophyllum aquaticum
Exotic

Oxycaryum cubense taken by Jason Carlee
Cuban Bulrush
Oxycaryum cubense
Exotic

Panicum repens by Graves Lovell
Torpedo Grass
Panicum repens
 

Peltandra virginica taken by Graves Lovell
Arrow Arum
Peltandra virginica
 

Phragmites australis taken by Graves Lovell
Common Reed
Phragmites australis
 

Polygonum spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Smartweeds
Polygonum spp.
 

Saururus cernuus taken by Graves Lovell
Lizard Tail
Saururus cernuus
 

Polygonum hydropiperoides taken by Graves Lovell
Swamp Smartweed
Polygonum hydropiperoids
 

Pontederia cordata taken by Graves Lovell
Pickerelweed
Pontederia cordata
 

Rynchospora inundata taken by Graves Lovell
Horned Beakrush
Rynchospora inundata
 

Saggitaria lancifolia taken by Graves Lovell
Duck Potato
Saggitaria lancifolia
 

Saggitaria latifolia taken by Graves Lovell
Arrowhead
Saggitaria latifolia
 

Scirpus pungens taken by Graves Lovell
Three-square Bulrush
Scirpus pungens
 

Scirpus spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Bulrush
Scirpus spp.
 

Sphagnum spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Sphagnum Moss
Sphagnum spp.
 

Typha angustifolia taken by Graves Lovell
Narrow-leaf Cattail
Typha angustifolia
 

Typha spp. taken by Graves Lovell
Broad-leaf Cattail
Typha latifolia
 

Zizania aquatica taken by Graves Lovell
Wild Rice
Zizania aquatica