Applied historical ecology is the use of historical knowledge in the management of ecosystems. Historical perspectives increase our understanding of the dynamic nature of landscapes and provide a frame of reference for assessing modern patterns and processes. Historical timeframes range from decades to millennia. As Aldo Leopold (1941) observed, "A science of land health needs, first of all, a base datum of normality, a picture of how healthy land maintains itself as an organism.



  Historical Data and Records




♦ Written Narratives


♦ Oral Histories


♦ Geneology


♦ Imagery


♦ Reports


♦ Research and Monitoring