The restoration of the wild turkey in Alabama and across the nation is considered one of America’s greatest conservation success stories. The turkey population in the state was estimated to be as low as 10,000 in the early 1900s. These alarming conditions prompted Alabama’s conservation movement, which led to the restoration, protection, management and research efforts that ultimately helped revive wild turkey numbers to a level that provides excellent hunting opportunities today. 

The wild turkey requires a diverse habitat which is provided by well managed woodlands interspersed with open areas. Proper habitat management for turkeys often includes prescribed burning, the creation of wildlife openings, periodic disking in fallow fields and timber harvest management. 

Alabama has a fall season in a few counties, but the spring season is when most of the turkeys are harvested in the state. Alabama hunters enjoy one of the longest seasons in the country. Visit the Seasons and Bag Limits page for exact dates and locations of turkey season. Hunters are allowed to harvest a total of five turkeys, gobblers only--one per day, during the combined fall and spring seasons.

Decoys are allowed in the spring season only. Mechanical turkey decoys are illegal in Alabama. Video on turkey decoys.

Click here for hunting license information

If you harvest a turkey in Alabama, you have 48 hours to report it through Game Check

Sighting in Your Shotgun
Before you go turkey hunting, make sure your shotgun is sighted in and correctly patterned.


Watch videos on turkey calling.


What should you put in your turkey vest?



Alabama Wild Turkey Annual Report: Full Fans and Sharp Spurs

Download a "My First Gobbler" Certificate (pdf)

The Wild Turkey in Alabama (pdf)

Turkey Recipes

Scouting for Spring Turkeys