By Roger Clay, Wildlife Biologist
The four Bufo toads in Alabama include Fowler’s toad, found statewide; American toad in the northeast; southern toad in the southern and western portions of the state; and the oak toad, found mostly in the southern portions of the state. All these toads are generally brown or grayish in color with darker spots. The oak toad, the smallest of these toads, has a light stripe down its back. Since the coloration can vary, it is not reliable to use the overall color of the toad as a key to identification. The best identification traits are the ridges and knobs found between and behind the eyes.