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Woodpeckers and Allies - Family Picidae
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus. Breeder. Fairly common in spring, summer, and fall, and uncommon in winter in all regions. Found in open woods, especially of oak and pine. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN.
Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus. Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Found in woodlands. Low Conservation Concern.
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius. Fairly common in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Found in mixed hardwood and conifer forests and urban areas. Low Conservation Concern.
Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens. Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Found in woodlands, orchards, suburban areas, parks, and farm woodlots. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN.
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus. Breeder. Uncommon in all seasons and regions. Found in pine, hardwood, and mixed woodlands. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN.
Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis. Breeder. Rare and local in all seasons in Mountain, Inland Coastal Plain, and
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus. Breeder. Fairly common in all seasons and regions. Found in open woodlands and fields and on lawns and open meadows with large trees. Designated the official state bird by the Alabama Legislature. Low Conservation Concern.
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus. Breeder. Fairly common in all seasons and regions. Found in mature woodlands with coniferous and hardwood trees. Low Conservation Concern.
Ivory-billed Woodpecker Campephilus principalis. Extirpated. Historic breeder. Was found in virgin cypress and bottomland hardwoods. Listed as endangered by the
Mirarchi. Ralph E., ed. 2004. Alabama Wildlife, Volume One. A Checklist of Vertebrates and Selected Invertebrates: Aquatic Mollusks, Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL. 209 pp.