Emberizids, Cardinals and Allies

Emberizids - Family Emberizidae

Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus. Accidental.

Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus. Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Found in brushy woodlands and early successional growth. Low Conservation Concern.

Bachman’s Sparrow Aimophila aestivalis. Breeder. Uncommon in spring, summer, and fall, and rare in winter in Inland Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast regions. In Mountain and Tennessee Valley regions, rare in spring, summer, and fall, and occasional in winter. Found in open pine forests and regenerating clearcuts. HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea. Rare in winter and occasional in spring in primarily Mountain and Tennessee Valley regions. Found in brushy and weedy areas.

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina. Breeder. Common in all seasons in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. In Inland Coastal Plain region, common in winter, spring, and fall, and fairly common in summer. In Gulf Coast region, common in winter, spring, and fall, and rare in summer. Found in open areas with short grass and scattered trees, especially conifers. Lowest Conservation Concern.

Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida. Rare in fall, and occasional in winter and spring in primarily outer coast of Gulf Coast region. Found in open woodlands with small trees and open shrubby areas.

Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla. Breeder. Common to fairly common in all seasons in inland regions. In Gulf Coast region, fairly common in winter, spring, and fall.  Found in early successional growth areas, especially with dense ground cover. Low Conservation Concern. 

Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus. Fairly common in winter, spring, and fall in Gulf Coast and Inland Coastal Plain regions. In Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions, uncommon in spring and fall, and rare in winter. Found in short grass fields.

Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus. Breeder. Uncommon in fall, and rare in winter and spring in primarily outer coast of Gulf Coast Plain region. In Inland Coastal Plain region, rare in spring, summer, and fall. In Tennessee Valley, rare in spring, summer and fall, and occasional in winter. In Mountain region, occasional in spring and fall.  Found in open, short-grass and bare-ground areas. Low Conservation Concern.

Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys. Accidental.

Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis. Common in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Found in open grassy fields. Low Conservation Concern.

Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum. Breeder. Uncommon to fairly common in spring, summer, and fall, and rare in winter, in Inland Coastal Plain. In Tennessee Valley, fairly common in spring, summer, and fall, and occasional in winter. In Mountain region, uncommon in spring, summer, and fall, and rare in winter. In Gulf Coast region, uncommon in spring, and rare in fall and winter. Found in old fields, grasslands. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Henslow’s Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii.  Rare to locally uncommon in winter, spring, and fall in Inland Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast regions. Occasional in fall, winter, and spring in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. Found in open areas with grass and forb ground cover, especially in bogs. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Le Conte’s Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii. Uncommon and local in winter and fall, and rare in spring in Gulf Coast region. In inland regions, rare in winter, spring, and fall. Found in moist, grassy fields. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Nelson’s Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni.  Fairly common in winter, spring, and fall in Gulf Coast region. In inland regions, occasional in spring and fall. Found in coastal salt marshes. HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus. Breeder. Fairly common and local in all seasons in Gulf Coast region. Found in coastal salt marshes. HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca. Uncommon in winter, spring, and fall in inland regions. In Gulf Coast region, rare in winter and fall. Found in woodlands and thickets. Low Conservation Concern.

Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia. Breeder. Common in winter, spring, and fall, and uncommon to rare in summer in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. In Inland Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast regions, common in winter, spring, and fall. Found in open brushy and weedy areas. Lowest Conservation Concern.

Lincoln’s Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii. Uncommon in fall, rare in winter and spring in Tennessee Valley. In other regions, rare in winter, spring, and fall. Found in brushy, open areas. Low Conservation Concern.

Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana.  Common to fairly common in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Found in freshwater marshes and shrubby and weedy areas, especially near water. Low Conservation Concern.

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis. Common in winter, spring, and fall, and rare in summer in all regions. Found in thickets and shrubby areas. Low Conservation Concern.

Harris’s Sparrow Zonotrichia querula. Occasional in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Found in brushy, weedy areas, hedgerows, and brush piles.

White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys. Uncommon in winter, spring, and fall in Inland Coastal Plain and Tennessee Valley regions. In Gulf Coast region, fairly common in fall, and rare in winter and spring. In Mountain region, rare in winter, spring, and fall. Found in thickets, hedgerows, and along woodland borders. Low Conservation Concern.

Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis. Common in winter, spring, and fall, and occasional in summer in inland regions. In Gulf Coast region, uncommon in winter and rare in spring and fall. Found in open woodlands and brushy and grassy areas. Low Conservation Concern.

Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus.  Locally fairly common in winter and spring, and uncommon in late fall in Tennessee Valley region. In other regions, rare in winter, spring, and fall. Found on beaches and in open areas with short grass and bare ground, especially plowed fields and fields with stubble. Lowest Conservation Concern.

Smith’s Longspur Calcarius pictus. Accidental.

Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis. Accidental. Hypothetical.

Cardinals, Saltators, and Allies - Family Cardinalidae

Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis. Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Found in shrubby areas, hedgerows, thickets, and suburban gardens. Lowest Conservation Concern. (Fig. 143, p. 166)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus. Common in spring and fall, and occasional in winter in mostly Gulf Coast region. Found in woodlands, especially in the canopy.

Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus. Occasional to rare in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Found in woodlands.

Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea. Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall in all regions. Found in open thickets and hedgerows, especially along field borders.

Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea. Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall, and rare in winter in Gulf Coast region. Common in spring, summer, and fall, and occasional in winter in inland regions. Found in brushy and weedy area, in early successional stages and woodland openings, and along woodland and field borders. Low Conservation Concern. 

Painted Bunting Passerina ciris. Breeder. Fairly common in spring, uncommon in summer and fall, and occasional in winter in Gulf Coast region. In Mountain and Inland Coastal Plain regions, rare in spring, and occasional to rare in summer and fall. Found in brushy areas, especially near water.

Dickcissel Spiza americana. Breeder. Uncommon to locally fairly common in spring and summer, and fairly common in fall in Inland Coastal Plain. In Tennessee Valley, fairly common in spring, summer, and fall, and occasional in winter. In Gulf Coast region, fairly common in spring, uncommon in fall, and rare in winter and summer. In Mountain region, uncommon in spring, rare in summer and fall, and occasional in winter. Found in weedy, brushy, and cultivated fields. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN.

References Cited:

Mirarchi. Ralph E., ed. 2004. Alabama Wildlife, Volume One.  A Checklist of Vertebrates and Selected Invertebrates: Aquatic Mollusks, Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals.  The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL. 209 pp.

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