Cranes, Rails and Allies
Rails - Family Rallidae
Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis. Occasional in winter, spring, and fall mostly in Inland Coastal Plain and
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis. Possible breeder. Rare in spring and occasional in other seasons in Gulf Coast region. Found in coastal marshes. HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.
Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris. Breeder. Common in all seasons in
King Rail Rallus elegans. Breeder. Uncommon in all seasons in
Virginia Rail Rallus limicola. Historical breeder. Uncommon in winter, and uncommon to rare in spring and fall in Inland Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast regions. In Mountain and
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica. Breeder. Uncommon in summer and uncommon to rare in spring and fall in Inland Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast regions. Occasional in spring in Mountain and
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus. Breeder. Fairly common in spring, summer, and fall, and uncommon in winter in Gulf Coast region. In Inland Coastal Plain, uncommon in summer and uncommon to rare in spring and fall. In
American Coot Fulica
Limpkins - Family Aramidae
Limpkin Aramus guarauna. Accidental.
Cranes - Family Gruidae
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis. Historical breeder. Uncommon in winter and rare in spring and fall in Gulf Coast region. In other regions, uncommon to rare in winter, early spring, and fall. Found in open grasslands, marshes, and corn fields.
Whooping Crane Grus
Mirarchi. Ralph E., ed. 2004. Alabama Wildlife, Volume One. A Checklist of Vertebrates and Selected Invertebrates: Aquatic Mollusks, Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL. 209 pp.