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Procambarus

Alabama Crayfish in the Genus Procambarus

Sharpnose Crayfish.  Procambarus acutissimus.    Distribution: North America: Chattahoochee River system in Georgia west to the Tombigbee River system in Mississippi (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from all river systems in the state with the exception of the Mobile, Perdido, Choctawhatchee, and Chattahoochee river systems.  Habitat: Slow streams, pools and roadside ditches.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

White River Crawfish.  Procambarus acutus acutus.   Distribution: North America: From Maine to the Florida panhandle west to Texas, and north to Minnesota (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from all river systems in the state with the exception of the Cahaba, Tallapoosa, Perdido and Chattahoochee river systems.  Habitat: Slow streams and lentic environments.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Ribbon Crayfish.  Procambarus bivittatus.   Distribution: North America: From the Escambia River system in Florida west to the Pearl River in Mississippi and Louisiana (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Mobile, Tombigbee and Alabama river systems.  Habitat: Streams and sloughs.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Procambarus capillatus.  Distribution: North America: Escambia River system in Alabama and Florida (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from the Escambia River system.  Habitat: Lentic environments; secondary burrower.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Red Swamp Crawfish.  Procambarus clarkii.   Distribution: North America: Widespread from northern Mexico east to the panhandle of Florida, and north to Illinois and Ohio (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Tennessee, Mobile, Black Warrior, Cahaba, Coosa, Tallapoosa, and Escambia river systems. Habitat: Lentic and lotic environments; tertiary burrower.  Conservation Status:  Lowest Conservation Concern.

Cockscomb Crayfish.  Procambarus clemmeri. Distribution: North America: Pearl River system in southern Mississippi east to the Escatawpa River system in southern Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Escatawpa River system (Pascagoula River); University of Alabama and Illinois Natural History Survey databases also include records from the Mobile and Escambia river systems.  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Escambia Crayfish.  Procambarus escambiensis.   Distribution:  North America: Escambia River system in Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Restricted to the Escambia River system, Escambia County, Alabama.  Habitat: Temporarily flooded woodlands and floodplains; secondary burrower.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Procambarus evermanni.  Distribution:  North America: Escambia River system in Alabama and Yellow River system in Florida west to the Pearl River system in Mississippi. Alabama: Known from Escambia County; additional database records include the Mobile and Alabama river systems.  Habitat: Slow streams.  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Southeastern Prairie Crayfish.  Procambarus hagenianus hagenianus.   Distribution:  North America: According to Fitzpatrick (1978b) this subspecies is in the Tombigbee river system in Lowndes, Noxubee and Oktibbeha counties in Mississippi, and Marengo, Pickens and Sumter counties in Alabama. Alabama: Known only from the Tombigbee River system in Marengo, Pickens and Sumter counties.  Habitat: Primary burrower.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Procambarus hayi.  Distribution:  North America: Tombigbee River system in Alabama, Tallahatchie River system in Mississippi, and the Hatchie River system in Tennessee (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from the Tombigbee River system.  Habitat: Slow streams and lentic environments.  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Procambarus hubbelli.  Distribution:  North America: Choctawhatchee and Yellow river systems in Alabama and Florida (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from the Yellow River system.  Habitat: Lentic environments; secondary burrower.  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Procambarus hybus.  Distribution:  North America: Lower Alabama and Tombigbee river systems in Alabama and Mississippi, and the Yalabusha River system in Mississippi (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Tombigbee, Black Warrior and Alabama river systems.  Habitat: Lentic environments; secondary burrower.  Conservation Status:  Lowest Conservation Concern.

Lagniappe Crayfish.  Procambarus lagniappe.   Distribution:  North America: Tombigbee River system in Mississippi (Hobbs 1989), and in Alabama. Alabama: Known only from Sucarnoochee River system of the Tombigbee River, Sumter County, Alabama (Hartfield 1992).  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Mobile Crayfish.  Procambarus lecontei.   Distribution:  North America: Pascagoula and Mobile river systems in Alabama and Mississippi (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Mobile, lower Tombigbee and Pascagoula river systems.  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Procambarus lewisi.  Distribution:  North America: Known from Barbour, Bulloch, Lowndes, Macon, Montgomery, and Russell counties Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Collections are known from the Alabama and Choctawhatchee river systems.  Habitat: Slow streams and ditches. Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Procambarus lophotus.  Distribution:  North America: Alabama River system in Alabama and Georgia, and the Tennessee River system in Georgia and Tennessee (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Records are known from the Tennessee, Tombigbee, Black Warrior, Alabama, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Escambia and Choctawhatchee river systems.  Habitat: Lentic and lotic environments; tertiary burrower.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Procambarus marthae.  Distribution:  North America: Known from the Alabama River system in Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Records are known from the Black Warrior, Cahaba and Alabama river systems.  Habitat: Lentic and slow moving lotic environments.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Okaloosa Crayfish.  Procambarus okaloosae.   Distribution:  North America: Perdido, Escambia and Yellow river systems in Alabama and Florida. Alabama: Known from the Escambia and Yellow river systems.  Habitat: Lentic and lotic environments.  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Procambarus paeninsulanus.  Distribution:  North America: Southern Georgia, Florida (Hobbs 1989), and southeastern Alabama. Alabama: Known from the Chattahoochee River system.  Habitat: Lentic and lotic environment, and rarely in caves; tertiary burrower (Hobbs 1989).  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Phantom Cave Crayfish.  Procambarus pecki.   Distribution:  North America: Tennessee River system in northern Alabama. Alabama: Known from caves in Colbert, Lauderdale and Morgan counties, including Key Cave.  Habitat: Subterranean streams.  Conservation Status: HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Procambarus shermani.  Distribution:  North America: Escambia River system in Florida west to the Pearl River system in Mississippi (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Mobile, Tombigbee, Alabama and Pascagoula river systems.  Habitat: Streams and sloughs; secondary burrower. Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Procambarus spiculifer.  Distribution:  North America: Georgia south to Florida, and west to the Mobile and Alabama River systems in Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from every river system in Alabama, with the exception of the Tennessee and Escatawpa river systems.  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Procambarus suttkusi.  Distribution:  North America: Choctawhatchee River system in Alabama and Florida (Hobbs 1989), and Chattahoochee River system in Alabama. Alabama: Known from the Choctawhatchee and Chattahoochee river systems.  Habitat: Streams. Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Procambarus verrucosus.  Distribution:  North America: Southeastern Alabama between the Alabama and Chattahoochee river systems (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Alabama, Tallapoosa, Escambia and Chattahoochee river systems.  Habitat: Streams. Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Sly Crayfish.  Procambarus versutus.   Distribution: North America: Mobile River system east to the Chattahoochee River system in Alabama, Florida and Georgia (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from every river system in Alabama, with the exception of the Tennessee River system.  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Procambarus viaeviridis.  Distribution: North America: Southern Illinois south to Arkansas and Louisiana, and east to Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Reported only from the Tennessee River system in northern Alabama.  Habitat: Slow streams and lentic environments.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Procambarus vioscai paynei.  Distribution: North America: East of the Mississippi River from the Wolfe River in Tennessee to the Tombigbee River system in Alabama, south and west to the Pascagoula, Bogue Chitto and Homochitto river systems in Mississippi (Fitzpatrick 1990). Alabama: Reported from the Tombigbee and Black Warrior river systems.  Habitat: Streams. Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Southern White River Crayfish.  Procambarus zonangulus.   Distribution: North America: The exact range of this species is not clearly understood. Hobbs and Hobbs (1990) in their description of this species reported it only from southeastern Texas. Taylor et al. (1996) reported it from Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. It is unclear what the exact distribution of this species is in Alabama.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Note: In Alabama, it is illegal to stock or move any fish, mussel, snail or crayfish to any public water without a permit.

 


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