Artificial reef pyramids being deployed off a barge in the Gulf of Mexico.AlabamaTwo red snapper from the Red Snapper World Championship Rodeo
Reef Program HistoryMay 2009 - Guide to Alabama's Offshore and Inshore Artificial Reefs Red Snapper World Championship (RSWC) Artificial Reef Fishing Modules
Retired military tank sank for use as an artificial reef.Reef pyramid being deployed in the nearshore reef zone off Alabama 
Artificial Reef Construction ProtocolsR. V. Minton Nearshore Reef Zones (pdf) 


Alabama's Artificial Reef Program is the product of a cooperative agreement between the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Marine Resources Division of the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. The program is the culmination of many meetings, letters, reports and workshops between various user groups within the coastal area and while the system addressed on this page is the current program, it is intended to be dynamic with changes occurring as technology develops on artificial reef construction.

NEW Nearshore State Waters (0-9 miles)

CURRENT AS OF APRIL 27, 2016 (To properly download files, right click the link and select "SAVE")

Alabama Offshore and Inshore Artificial Reefs

CURRENT AS OF OCTOBER 31, 2016  (To properly download files, right click the link and select "SAVE")

Download a file detailing Alabama’s public inshore and offshore artificial reefs. This file contains GPS coordinates, range and bearing information, reef material used, and date of deployment.

Approximately 1,030 square miles of offshore waters are included in the artificial reef general permit areas of Alabama, making this the largest artificial reef program in the U. S. (Reef Zone Map) The five permit areas are set forth inside bold lines on the map and are called the Hugh Swingle General Permit Area, the Don Kelley General Permit Area - North, the Don Kelley General Permit Area - South, the Tatum - Winn General Permit Area - North, and the Tatum - Winn General Permit Area - South. Within these general permit areas, artificial reefs can be constructed by individuals by acquiring a permit from the Marine Resources Division. Offices of the Marine Resources Division are located in Gulf Shores (Telephone 251-968-7576) and on Dauphin Island (Telephone 251-861-2882). Both of these offices have individuals trained in artificial reef permitting and can schedule an inspection of reef material in a timely manner.In order for individuals to construct artificial reefs outside of the general permit areas previously mentioned, a permit must be obtained from the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers pursuant to Section 10 of the River and Harbor Act of 1899, Section 404 of the Clean Water Act, and Section 103 of the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972, as amended.The advantages to utilizing the General Permit Areas for artificial reef construction are numerous, however, the three main advantages are: (A) a permit can be acquired in most instances within one (1) working day after the request is made. (B) While the specific area on which an individuals' artificial reef is not classified, the location is not publicized, and (C) the chances of artificial reefs within the general permit area coming in conflict with other users are reduced. INSHORE FISHING REEFS

The Marine Resources Division has constructed 20 inshore fishing reefs (Inshore Reef Map) within Mobile Bay, Bon Secour Bay, and Mississippi Sound utilizing concrete bridge materials obtained during the replacement of old bridges on the Mobile Bay Causeway, concrete culvert pipes, concrete roof panels, oyster shells and crushed limestone. Five reefs are experimental dual-purpose sites, providing excellent inshore fishing while enhancing oyster production.