Largemouth Bass - Largemouth bass are the official state freshwater fish of Alabama.
Shoal Bass - Shoal bass are only native to the Apalachicola River drainage in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia.
Smallmouth Bass - A great fighter, smallmouth bass are native to the Tennessee River basin of Alabama.
Spotted Bass - True spotted bass are found in the Tennessee River basin and some coastal rivers; the "spotted bass" in the upper Mobile basin were recently upgraded to a new species called the Alabama bass. In the Chattahoochee basin, both spotted bass and Alabama bass have been introduced.
Age of Bass - Age and growth of Alabama's largemouth bass and spotted bass.
Care of Fish for Release - Care of fish put in a livewell.
Note: In Alabama, it is illegal to move a bass or other aquatic organism from one public water to another without a permit.
With 26 million recreational anglers fishing the rivers, lakes and oceans each year, fishing is big business in America, and none is bigger than bass fishing, which attracts 11 million dedicated enthusiasts. Just a couple of important facts available in a 2012 Southwick report include:
• 56 percent of anglers surveyed have an annual household income of $50,000 or more with nearly 16 percent bringing in more than $100,000 a year.
• 77 percent of bass anglers use artificial lures and baits.
• More bass anglers (56 percent) fish from the shore, a dock or other land-based structure than from engine-powered bass and other style boats (49 percent).
• More than 98 percent of bass anglers made some kind of fishing-related purchase last year.
“Annual fishing expenditures total approximately $45 billion dollars in this country with roughly $16 billion of this dedicated to bass fishing,” said Rob Southwick, president of Southwick Associates.